The Question-Answer-Relationship (QAR) strategy helps students determine and understand the different types of questions asked (http://www.readingrockets.org/strategies/question_answer_relationship). The purpose of the strategy is to help students determine the relationship between questions and answers (Miller & Veatch, 2012). By learning that the answers to some questions are "Right There" in the text, that some answers require a reader to "Think and Search," and that some answers can only be answered "On My Own," students recognize that they must first consider the question before developing an answer(http://www.readingrockets.org/strategies/question_answer_relationship)
How it works (Miller & Veatch, 2012):
How I will use the QAR method:
I included pictures of the types of categories of questions and also a blank template. I can see using the blank template with my students. I like the idea of giving my students sticky notes and having them fill out questions on sticky notes and then when we are done reading the passage in the book, they can then go up to the board and put all the questions they came up with for that section on the category it goes in. Then, when we are done, we can look at the questions, make sure they are in the right category, and proceed to answer the questions.
The above video shows a teacher that does an excellent job modeling the different types of questions. She goes through the book and gives the students an example of each type of question: Right there, Author and you/inference, Think and Search, On your own. Her students are completely engaged because she is dialoging with them and asking for their background knowledge while answering the questions.
In the above video, the teacher is using the QAR method while reading a book. She is walking through the method with her students and they are writing questions for each category on sticky notes. She pauses from time to time and asks questions of them and gives them time to write questions. They also take time to answer questions throughout the book. This is an excellent way to teach a subject using the QAR method.
Writing Component: Common Core English Language Arts Standards » Science & Technical Subjects » Grade 9-10 (http://www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/RST/9-10/)
QAR strategy aids in the meeting of several Common core writing standards for 9th and 10th grade. In order to complete the QAR, students will be guided to cite specific textual evidence to answer their questions. In order to ask questions, students will need to be able to determine central ideas and conclusions of the text. Students will also need to determine the meaning of key terms and other science words in the text. By asking questions (and answering them), the students will develop the meaning of key ideas and phrases. By asking and answering questions, students will be analyzing the author's purpose in providing an explanation or defining the question the author seeks to address. Also, students will be answering their asked questions with evidence if their is enough text support for an author's claim. All of the comprehension strategies are designed to help students read and comprehend their science text both independently and proficiently.
- Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions.
- Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; trace the text's explanation or depiction of a complex process, phenomenon, or concept; provide an accurate summary of the text.
- Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.
- Analyze the structure of the relationships among concepts in a text, including relationships among key terms (e.g., force, friction, reaction force, energy).
- Analyze the author's purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text, defining the question the author seeks to address.
- Assess the extent to which the reasoning and evidence in a text support the author's claim or a recommendation for solving a scientific or technical problem.
- By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 9-10 text complexity band independently and proficiently.